AskDefine | Define fine

Dictionary Definition

fine adj
1 superior to the average; "in fine spirits"; "a fine student"; "made good grades"; "morale was good"; "had good weather for the parade" [syn: good]
2 being satisfactory or in satisfactory condition; "an all-right movie"; "the passengers were shaken up but are all right"; "is everything all right?"; "everything's fine"; "things are okay"; "dinner and the movies had been fine"; "another minute I'd have been fine" [syn: all right, ok, o.k., okay, hunky-dory]
3 minutely precise especially in differences in meaning; "a fine distinction"
4 of texture; being small-grained or smooth to the touch or having fine particles; "wood with a fine grain"; "fine powdery snow"; "fine rain"; "batiste is a cotton fabric with a fine weave"; "covered with a fine film of dust" [ant: coarse]
5 being in good health; "he's feeling all right again"; "I'm fine, how are you?" [syn: all right]
6 thin in thickness or diameter; "a fine film of oil"; "fine hairs"; "read the fine print"
7 characterized by elegance or refinement or accomplishment; "fine wine"; "looking fine in her Easter suit"; "a fine gentleman"; "fine china and crystal"; "a fine violinist"; "the fine hand of a master"
8 ; free or impurities; having a high or specified degree of purity; "gold 21 carats fine" [syn: f.]
9 (of weather) pleasant; not raining, perhaps with the sun shining; "a fine summer evening" n : money extracted as a penalty [syn: mulct, amercement] adv
1 sentence-initial expression of agreement [syn: very well, alright, all right, OK]
2 in a delicate manner; "finely shaped features"; "her fine drawn body" [syn: finely, delicately, exquisitely]
3 in a superior and skilled manner; "the soldiers were fighting finely" [syn: finely] v : issue a ticket or a fine to as a penalty; "I was fined for parking on the wrong side of the street"; "Move your car or else you will be ticketed!" [syn: ticket]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

* /faɪn/, /faIn/
  • fē'nā, /ˈfiːneɪ/, /"fi:neI/

Etymology 1

fin - perfected, of highest quality -- from finis - end, limit

Adjective

  1. Of superior quality.
    • The tree frog that they encountered was truly a fine specimen.
    • Only a really fine wine could fully complement Lucía's hand-made pasta.
  2. Of a particular grade of quality, usually between very good and very fine, and below mint.
    • The small scratch meant that his copy of X-Men #2 was merely fine when it otherwise would have been near mint.
  3. In the context of "of weather": Sunny and not raining.
  4. Being acceptable, adequate, passable, or satisfactory.
    • "How are you today?" "Fine."
    • "Will this one do? It's got a dent in it" "Yeah, it'll be fine, I guess."
    • "It's fine with me if you stay out late, so long as you're back by three."
  5. Good-looking, attractive.
    • "That man is so fine that I'd jump into his pants without a moment's hesitation."
  6. Consisting of especially minute particulate; made up of particularly small pieces.
    • Grind it into a fine powder.
    • When she touched the artifact, it collapsed into a heap of fine dust.
  7. Particularly slender; especially thin, narrow, or of small girth.
    • The threads were so fine that you had to look through a magnifying glass to see them.
  8. Made of slender or thin filaments.
    • They protected themselves from the small parasites with a fine wire mesh.
  9. Being dismissive, a way to keep to yourself when asked, "How are you?" "Fine"
Synonyms
Antonyms
  • (made up of particularly small pieces): coarse
  • (made of slender or thin filaments): coarse
Translations
of superior quality
of a particular grade of quality, usually between "very good" and "very fine", and below "mint"
of weather: sunny and not raining
  • Dutch: prachtig
  • French: beau, belle
  • German: herrlich
  • Italian: bello, bella
  • Russian: хороший (χoróšij), ясный (jásnyj), сухой (suχój)
  • Swedish: fin, härlig
being acceptable, adequate, passable, or satisfactory
good-looking, attractive
made up of particularly small pieces
  • Dutch: fijn
  • French: fin, fine
  • Kurdish:
    Sorani: ورد
  • Russian: мелкий
  • Swedish: fin, finkornig
particularly slender; especially thin, narrow, or of small girth
made of slender or thin filaments
Translations to be checked

Adverb

  1. expression of agreement
Synonyms
Translations
expression of agreement
  • Russian: отлично, прекрасно
  • Swedish: fint, OK

Noun

  1. (usually plural) something that is fine; fine particles
    • They filtered silt and fines out of the oil.

Verb

  1. to make finer, purer, or cleaner
  2. to become finer, purer, or cleaner
  3. To clarify (wine and beer) by filtration.
Synonyms
Related terms
Translations
* German: klären, filtern, sieben
Translations to be checked

Etymology 2

fin - end, from finis - a payment in settlement or tax

Noun

  1. A payment or fee issued as punishment for breaking the law.
    • The fine for jay-walking has gone from two dollars to thirty in the last fifteen years.
Translations
  • Chinese:
    Simplified:
    罚金 (fájīn) (criminal fine in Mainland China, also any fine in Singapore)
    罚款 (fákuǎn) (administrative fine in Mainland China, also any fine in Singapore)
    Traditional:
    罰金 (fájīn) (criminal fine in Macao and Taiwan)
    罰款 (fákuǎn) (any fine in Hong Kong and administrative fine in Macao)
    罰鍰 (fáhuán) (administrative fine in Taiwan)
  • Czech: pokuta
  • Dutch: boete
  • French: amende
  • German: Bußgeld , Geldbuße , Geldstrafe
  • Italian: multa
  • Japanese:
    罰金(ばっきん) (criminal fine)
    反則金 (administrative fine)
  • Korean: 벌금 (罰金, beolgeum)
  • Portuguese: multa, fiança
  • Romanian: amendă
  • Russian: штраф (štraf) , пеня (p'én'a)
  • Spanish: multa
  • Swedish: bot

Verb

  1. To issue a fine as punishment to (someone).
    • She was fined a thousand dollars for littering, but she appealed.
Translations

Etymology 3

From fine ("end").

Noun

  1. The end of a musical composition.
  2. The location in a musical score that indicates the end of the piece, particularly when the piece ends somewhere in the middle of the score due to a section of the music being repeated.

Usage notes

This word is virtually never used in speech and thereby essentially confined to musical notation.

French

Adjective

fine f
  1. feminine form of fin

Irish

Etymology

From fine < < ; cf. Old English wine.

Pronunciation

  • lang=ga|[ˈfʲɪnʲɪ]

Declension

Italian

Adjective

  1. thin
  2. fine
  3. refined

Synonyms

Etymology

finis

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. end

Antonyms

Noun

  1. aim, purpose, end
    il fine giustifica i mezzi - the ends justifies the means

Synonyms

Norwegian

Adjective form

fine
  1. Plural of fin.

Swedish

Adjective

fine
  1. see fin

Extensive Definition

A fine is money paid usually to superior authority, usually governmenal authority, and in respect of a crime, but also in some other contexts.

Criminal penalty

The most usual use of the term, fine, relates to a financial punishment for the commission of minor crimes or as the settlement of a claim. A synonym, typically used in civil law actions, is mulct.
One common example of a fine is money paid for violations of traffic laws. Currently in English Common Law relatively small fines are used either in place of or alongside community service orders for low-level criminal offences. Larger fines are also given independently or alongside shorter prison sentences where the judge or magistrate considers a considerable amount of retribution is necessary but there is unlikely to be significant danger to the public. For instance, fraud is often punished by very large fines since fraudsters are typically debarred from the position or profession they abused to commit their crimes.
Fines can also be used as a form of tax. Money for bail may be applied toward a fine.
A day-fine is a fine that, above a minimum, is based on personal income.
Fines are considered to be a cost-efficient and fair way of punishment for those who commit a non-violent offense. Lengthy prison sentences for minor offenses such as drug possession cost taxpayers more, remove otherwise productive citizens from society, and impose a fear on society as a whole because of over-policing and excessive prosecution.
Early examples of fines include the Weregild or blood money payable under Anglo-Saxon common law for causing a death. The murderer would be expected to pay a sum of money or goods dependent on the social status of the victim.

Fines in English land transactions

A fine on alienation, in feudal law, was a sum of money paid to the lord by a tenant when he had occasion to make over his land to another. It is similar in nature to a relief, a payment made by an heir to the lord to receive his inheritance. The term fine is also a synonym for a premium, a sum paid to the landlord at the start of a lease or for the extension of the term of an exisitng lease (for example, to add an additional life to the term of a lease for lives).
A fine of lands (sometimes called a final concord) was a species of conveyance (abolished in England in 1833). It took the form of a fictitious suit compromised or terminated by the acknowledgment of the previous owner that such land was the right of the other party (a purchaser or other grantee). The court provided each party with a copy 'chirograph' of the fine and kept a third copy (known as a foot of fine). This was a necessary part of English conveyancing, where a wife was consenting to bar her right to dower, or in certain circumstances where an entail was to be barred. In other circumstances, a Common Recovery was necessary for this purpose.
fine in Czech: Pokuta
fine in Danish: Bøde
fine in German: Geldstrafe
fine in Spanish: Multa
fine in French: Amende
fine in Korean: 벌금
fine in Croatian: Novčana kazna
fine in Indonesian: Denda
fine in Italian: Multa
fine in Hebrew: קנס
fine in Lithuanian: Bauda
fine in Dutch: Boete
fine in Japanese: 罰金
fine in Norwegian: Bot
fine in Norwegian Nynorsk: Bot
fine in Polish: Grzywna (prawo)
fine in Portuguese: Multa
fine in Simple English: Fine
fine in Swedish: Böter
fine in Chinese: 罰金

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Babylonian, Corinthian, OK, Roger, absolutely, abstruse, accomplished, accurate, acrid, acute, admirable, adulterated, advantageous, aesthetic, aesthetically appealing, affable, agreeable, airy, alive and kicking, all right, alright, alrighty, amen, amerce, amercement, amiable, amicable, amusing, appreciative, arabesque, aright, as you say, assessment, assuredly, attentive, attenuate, attenuated, attractive, auspicious, awe-inspiring, awful, aye, balmy, barbaric, baroque, beauteous, beautiful, beneficial, benevolent, bitsy, bitty, blissful, bon, bonny, bonzer, boyish, branny, braw, bright, bright and fair, bright-eyed and bushy-tailed, brilliant, bueno, busy, by all means, capital, capitally, certainly, chalklike, chalky, champion, charge, cheerful, chichi, chipper, choice, civilized, clear, close, cloudless, cogent, comely, commendable, comminute, comminuted, compatible, complaisant, confiscate, congenial, conscientious, constant, consummate, cool, cordial, correct, critical, crushed, cryptic, cultivated, cultured, cut, cute, cutting, da, dainty, damages, dandy, delicat, delicate, deluxe, demanding, desirable, detailed, detrital, detrited, diaphanous, differential, dilute, diluted, direct, discriminate, discriminating, discriminative, disintegrated, distinctive, distinguishing, distrain, distraint, distress, double-edged, downy, dry, dulcet, dusty, edged, efflorescent, elaborate, elegant, en rapport, endowed with beauty, enigmatic, enjoyable, enjoying health, entertaining, escheat, escheatment, esoteric, estimable, estreat, ethereal, eupeptic, even, exact, exacting, exactly, excellent, excellently, exceptional, exigent, expedient, express, exquisite, extravagant, eye-filling, fair, fair and pleasant, faithful, famous, famously, fancy, farinaceous, fastidious, favorable, featheredged, fee, felicific, felicitous, filamentous, filmy, fine-drawn, fine-grained, finely, finespun, finical, finicking, finicky, first-class, first-rate, firsts, fit, fit and fine, flaky, flamboyant, flimsy, florid, floury, flowerlike, flowery, fluffy, forfeit, forfeiture, frail, frilly, full of beans, furfuraceous, fussy, fuzzy, gaseous, gauzy, genial, girlish, glorious, gone to dust, good, good enough, good-looking, goodly, gossamer, gossamery, graceful, gracile, gracious, grand, grandiose, grated, grateful, gratifying, great, ground, hair-splitting, hairline, hairsplitting, handsome, harmonious, healthful, healthy, hear, heart-warming, heavy, helpful, high-grade, high-wrought, honeyed, impalpable, imposing, impressive, in condition, in fine fettle, in fine whack, in good case, in good health, in good shape, in health, in high feather, in mint condition, in shape, in the pink, indeed, indeedy, inerrable, inerrant, infallible, insubstantial, interesting, itsy-bitsy, ja, just so, keen, keen-edged, kind, knifelike, labored, lacy, laudable, levigated, levy, levy a distress, light, likable, loose, lovely, luxuriant, luxurious, magnificent, mais oui, majestic, masterly, mathematical, mealy, mellifluous, mellow, meritorious, meticulous, micrometrically precise, microscopic, milled, minute, misty, moresque, most assuredly, mulct, narrow, naturally, naturellement, neat, nice, nicely, noble, obscure, of course, okay, ornate, ostentatious, oui, outstanding, overelaborate, overelegant, overlabored, overworked, overwrought, palatial, papery, particular, peachy, peewee, penalize, penalty, pestled, petty, picturesque, pinpoint, pleasant, pleasing, pleasurable, pleasure-giving, pleasureful, plush, pointed, polished, porous, posh, positively, powdered, powdery, precise, precisely, precisianistic, precisionistic, pretty, pretty-pretty, prime, princely, profitable, proud, pubescent, pulchritudinous, pulverant, pulverized, pulverulent, punctilious, punctual, punishment, quality, quite, rainless, rare, rarefied, rather, razor-edged, really, recondite, reduced to powder, refined, regal, religious, religiously exact, reparation, rewarding, rich, right, righto, rigid, rigorous, ripping, ritzy, robust, rococo, royal, royally, satin, satiny, satisfactory, satisfying, scaly, scientific, scientifically exact, scobicular, scobiform, sconce, scrupulous, scrutinizing, scurfy, seemly, select, selective, sensitive, sequestrate, set, severe, sharded, sharp, sheer, shredded, silky, skillful, slender, slenderish, slight, slight-made, slim, slimmish, slinky, small, smooth, sophisticated, sound, splendacious, splendid, splendidly, splendiferous, square, stately, strict, striking, subtile, subtle, sumptuous, sunny, superb, superfancy, superfine, superior, supreme, sure, sure thing, surely, svelte, swank, swanky, sweet, swell, sylphlike, tactful, tax, teeny, teeny-weeny, tenuous, thin, thin-bodied, thin-set, thin-spun, thinned, thinned-out, thinnish, threadlike, tiny, to be sure, top-drawer, trifling, triturated, truly, two-edged, uncompact, uncompressed, undarkened, undeviating, unerring, unsubstantial, useful, vague, valid, vaporous, velutinous, velvety, very good, very well, virtuoso, virtuous, wasp-waisted, watered, watered-down, watery, weak, wee, welcome, well, well and good, well-made, why yes, willowy, windy, wiredrawn, wispy, worthy, yea, yeah, yep, yes, yes indeed, yes indeedy, yes sir, yes sirree
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